All you need to know about Children’s Right to Education

Right to Education

All you need to know about Children’s Right to Education

“Children’s Right to Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”

Nelson Mandela, South African civil rights activist

Children’s Right to Education is a basic human right it is by no means a privilege. Every child has the right to get educated. It is not just a fundamental right, it is the road to success. It is upon the government to ensure that the right to education is legally implemented for all without any discrimination.

What is the Right to Education Act (RTE)?

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE):  It is an Act that describes the importance of free and compulsory education for children aged between 6 to 14 years. India joined 135 countries to make education a fundamental right of every child. The RTE Act makes sure that the words ‘free and compulsory’ are well-acted upon. ‘Free education’ means that no underprivileged child is deprived of an education due to the financial crisis. The government is liable to pay all expenses which may prevent any individual from pursuing and completing elementary education. ‘Compulsory education’ makes it an obligation on the Government as well as local authorities to ensure admission, attendance and completion of elementary education by all children belonging to the age group 6-14.

Overview of the right to education worldwide: 

The most affected regions are Sub-Saharan Africa. As a result of marginalization and poverty, 72 million children around the world do not go to school. Central, Eastern Asia, and the Pacific are severely affected by illiteracy. More than 27 million children remain uneducated in these areas. There also exists inequality between girls and boys which jeopardizes the education of girls. This is one of the primal reasons why girls have the least access to education. They constitute more than 54% of the unschooled population in the world. The hub of these problems is mostly the Arab States, Central Asia, and Southern, Western Asia. It has much to do with their culture and tradition which prefers education for males. Girls are made to work at home whereas boys receive an education.

Implementation Status Of Right To Education: The Ministry of Human Resource Development released a report on the Implementation of the Act after its one-year anniversary. The report states that there’s a shortage of 508,000 teachers country-wide and that 8.1 million children between the ages of 6-14 remained unschooled. It is reported by the RTE Forum led by Ambarish Rai (an activist) that several legal commitments relating to RTE are falling behind schedule.

A good way to implement RTE: A good way to implement RTE would be to avoid cherry-picking of students and allowing parents the right to choose schools for their kids. If at least 25 percent of seats in non-minority schools are reserved for children coming from the weaker sections of the society. If the State Governments compensate these schools and the compensation amount per student admitted is kept to be lower than the actual amount charged by the school.

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